General tourist guide to the Dolomite Mountains in Italy. Arguably the most spectacular range of mountains in Europe. The Dolomites can be easily reached from Venice on one of our day tours of the Dolomites.During the tour one of our expert local tourist guides can relay to you the uniqueness of these mountains; the history of the Dolomites, its legends, and as you enjoy an excursion through these mountains you will see all that the mountains have to offer the intrepid traveller.
The Dolomite mountain range is Italy 's most dramatic and beautiful range of mountains. It's also Italy 's most accessible range of mountains. It's cragged and jagged peaks are accessible through one of the most complex systems of hiking trails in Europe. With the assistance of numerous cable-cars, chairlifts and Gondolas, its awe-inspiring beauty is well within the abilities of all levels of walkers and hikers.
The system of trails within the Dolomites provide walking routes that start with easy walks of two or three hours, to the more extensive trails that provide excursions that can last several days. The trails vary greatly in level of difficulty: easy hikes traverse alpine meadows while the high altitude hikes involve routes through which hikers are able to scale the highest peaks by utilizing iron cables hammered into the mountains faces, or through tunnels excavated during the First World War.
The Dolomite mountains came into existence when the continents of Europe and Africa collided tow-hundred million years ago, pushing up the previous low-lying tropical sea above the rest of Italy . The mountain range is primarily made up of two types of Limestone: Calcium carbonite limestone and Calcium magnesium carbonite limestone ( Dolomitic Rock).
These types of stone are very weak and fragile, and when the glaciers of ice-age passed through the mountain range they carved to soaring peaks and deep verdant valleys that now characterize these chain of mountains. Punctuated by glaciers, emerald green lakes and lively mountain villages, the Dolomites offer an ideal destination all-year-round. In the winter months skiing is the big pastime o the mountains, while in the high summer hiking, mountaineering an mountain biking take over as the principal activities.
The Dolomites are named after a French geologist "Dolomieu", who was the first scientist to analyse the geological history of the mountains in the 17 th centuy. Originallly, the Dolomites were called the " Pale Mountains", as according to a local legend about a Prince who lived in the mountains and who wished to travel to the moon. One day his wishes were granted and while on the moon he fell in love with the princess of the moon.
After marrying they returned to the mountains, but after a couple of years the princess pined for pale mountains of the moon. Unfortunately, the prince could not take her back to he moon because if he did he would go blind. But, he had the good fortune to meet a group of homeless gnomes who in exchange for a home in his kingdom weaved rays of the moonlight into a fine gossamer that they covered the mountains with to create the pale color the mountains are no famous for, and so the prince and the princess lived happily ever after.
Nowadays, these same pale mountains magically change colour throughout the day depending on the intensity of light. A few minutes before sunrise and a few minutes after sunset on a clear day you may be able to witness the "Alpen Glow" where the mountains turn purple in colour for a few minutes.
The mountains have numerous legends related to their form, as well as intriguing stories related the First World War when the front-line between the Italians and the Austrians ran right through the highest peaks and mountain passes of the Dolomites.
Man has been present in the mountains since the 2 nd centuy BC, when Celtic hunters from the north began to build settlements in the Dolomites. Today, the people of the Dolomites live in harmony with their environment, and development within the chain of mountains is strictly controlled by local family communes whose origins date back the times of the Longobard rule of Italy . Even famous ski resorts like Cortina D'Ampezzo & Val Gardena retain their village like atmospheres that till enchant visitors to the Dolomites.
Since 1956, when Cortina hosted the winter Olympic Games, the fortunes of the local people changed dramatically as quickly realized that tourism was where their future lay. In the following years they have developed their precious mountains to offer a vast variety of outdoor activities that make the Dolomites an ideal destination for adventure travellers.